To receive this treatment more often, Mike pretends his illness is constant. B) False The primary purpose of holding an appraisal interview should be to: Incorrect A) allow employees to demand salary increases. Which of the following is most likely to be a stressful life event? d. reflected appraisal. He is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. They often appear inept or socially clumsy. She avoids disagreements at all costs. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. People who have narcissistic personality disorder: People with _____ personality disorder most likely experience little pleasure from bodily or sensory experiences, such as eating or having sex. Which of the following types of appraisals can provide information that is more useful for problem solving and employee development than the typical results of a … The _____ is a complex system that protects the body from bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances. Bias here refers to inaccurate distortion of a For example, a professor Behavioural Economics - Scarcity Bias. a) Recruitment b) Employee selection c) Performance appraisal d) Employee orientation Ans: c 0.2. She is extremely worried about her professor's and classmates' reactions to her ideas and fears being criticized. ______ refers to interpreting whether a stimulus is stressful. restrict their activities to avoid potential embarrassments. People with an excessive need to be taken care of most likely have _____ personality disorder. 53. _____ refers to the process of determining whether a stressor is something one can handle. A person who experiences unusual sensations that border on hallucinations most likely has _____ personality disorder. Which of the following is a key characteristic of borderline personality disorder? C. Coping. Studies have shown that patient _____ deteriorates when a treatment must be frequent, is inconvenient or painful, and when the number of treatments increases. _____ refers to the psychological response to demands when there is something at stake for the individual and when coping with these demands would tax or exceed the individual's capacity or resourses. He asks u for your opinion about the value of such systems. This results in a broader categorization of the event that influences the the way a person internally and externally reacts to the event. Which of the following is a characteristic of Type A people? The three primary goals of human resource management are to find the right people, manage talent so that people achieve their potential, and maintain the workforce over the long term. Expectancy violations theory (EVT) is a theory of communication that analyzes how individuals respond to unanticipated violations of social norms and expectations. In contrast to the Schachter-Singer model, the appraisal precedes a cognitive label. He should lock his car." In the general adaptation syndrome, the _____ phase is the time during which the body calls upon the necessary tools to respond to a threat; it is similar to the fight-or-flight response. dimensional view of personality disorders, each disorder: is seen as a continuum, ranging from normality at one end to severe disability or disturbance at the other. When he was arrested, he lied to the store manager that he did not steal the toy car and it must have been placed in his pocket by someone else. Assessment of an event to determine if implications are positive, negative, or neutral. Scott most likely has _____ personality disorder. In the case of performance appraisal, validity refers to whether the appraisal measures all the relevant aspects of performance and omits irrelevant aspects of performance. a categorical view of personality disorders. She believes that she is the most important supervisor in her firm and expects others to constantly praise and admire her. In their initial research, Holmes and Rahe found that people with the most stress points were: Research suggests that people become vulnerable to microbial infections: Stress is thought to lower the functional ability of the _____ system. During primary appraisal, the event or situation can be categorized as irrelevant, beneficial, or stressful. Research suggests that inhibiting the expression of negative emotions: In the context of management of emotions, Levy and colleagues (1985) have shown that people who keep their negative emotions to themselves are more likely than expressive persons to _____. Psychologists distinguish _____ varieties of stress, which are _____. strong correlation & big difference in groups. The pros and ... Primary Appraisal. According to _____, a person either has a disorder or does not have a disorder. Kim has an extremely strong sense of entitlement. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of stressors? the expectation that good events will be plentiful and bad events will be rare in the future. This thermometer lacks. Some researchers have theorized that one cause of _____ personality disorder might be deficiency in the ability to experience fear. B. improves physical health. Terms in this set (18) Primary Appraisal. what are 2 key features of an experiment? Primary appraisal is the extent to which a person perceives an event as benign or threatening and harmful. Francis believes in ghosts and spends most of his time reading about ghosts and visiting haunted houses. _____ is a method of stress management characterized by avoiding situations or thoughts that are reminders of a stressor and maintaining an artificially positive viewpoint. During primary appraisal of an event, a person evaluates how relevant the event is to her/him and what kind of impact it is likely to have. is a cognitive process whereby a person focuses on the good in what is happening or has happened. Pausing and reflecting on something positive, such as a compliment received, a pleasing or humorous memory, or a sunset, in stressful situations are all examples of a positive coping mechanism called _____. According to the University of Twente, primary appraisal occurs when a person recognizes an impending threatening or stressful event and evaluates the significance of the event. Individuals with _____ personality disorder are most likely to engage in self-mutilating behavior or attempt suicide in their efforts to manipulate people back into their relationships. Mark most likely has _____ personality disorder. Start studying Chapter 12. Linda has trouble working independently and is willing to tolerate abuse and submit to unreasonable demands of her colleagues. _____ refers to a socially recognized set of rights and obligations linked with illness. primary appraisal. The theory was proposed by Judee K. Burgoon in the late 1970s and continued through the 1980s and 1990s as "nonverbal expectancy violations theory", based on Burgoon's research studying proxemics. Primary appraisal involves the determination of an event as stressful. Primary Appraisal Refers to our initial, subjective evaluation of a situation, in which we balance the demands of a potentially stressful situation against our ability to meet these demands. A stressful event people believe they can handle is termed a _____, whereas a stressor that would overwhelm a person is termed a _____. In the context of coping strategies and styles, optimists _____, unlike pessimists. Positive emotions are thought to help with stress by: Which of the following coping mechanisms uses thoughts and behaviors to manage or solve the underlying cause of stress. Primary Appraisal Definition refers to our initial, subjective evaluation of a situation, in which we balance the demands of a potentially stressful situation against our … The primary purpose of providing employees with feedback during a performance appraisal is to motivate employees to __ __ A. apply for managerial positions B. remove any performance deficiencies C. revise their performance standards D. enroll in work-related training programs. woman who wears excessive makeup, has an overly elaborate hairstyle, and dresses in flashy clothes is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. The primary biological factor in the tend-and-befriend mechanism is . Kim most likely has _____ personality disorder. From Wikipedia A) secondary B) challenge C) primary D) threat 52. People with _____ personality disorder have also been referred to as sociopaths or psychopaths. A) Threat B) Primary C) Challenge D) Secondary 51.The _____ appraisal process allows a person to decide whether a red spot on their finger is blood or simply a glob of ketchup. Primary appraisal is the first stage in the transactional model of stress and coping. They are odd and eccentric and may believe in magic. The means of meeting a threat is chosen. Secondary Appraisal. The Schachter-Singer two-factor theory depends on labeling the physiological experience, which is a type of cognitive appraisal. Economic Evaluation a technique for coping with stress that involves facing the stressor and working to overcome it. b. appraisal and a secondary appraisal. People with _____ personality disorder are often sexually provocative in inappropriate ways. likely to react disagreeably to disappointments. Gerta is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. The assessment whether your coping abilities/resources are adequate to over come harm, threat, or challenges. secondary appraisal. Francis is most likely to be diagnosed with _____ personality disorder. oxytocin . This appraisal mediates between the stimulus and the emotional response, and it is immediate and often unconscious. Browse. Which of the following is a key characteristic of people with schizotypal personalities? People with avoidant personality disorder: Which of the following is a key characteristic of avoidant personality disorder? According to the stages of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) proposed by Hans Selye, the _____ stage consists of the fight-or-flight response. If a child exhibits no signs of conduct problems by age 16, it is: unlikely that he or she will develop an antisocial personality disorder as an adult. In the primary appraisal stage, individuals evaluate what potential threats there will be, concerning the demands from situation and the goals and values of themselves. secondary appraisal _____ refers to the process of determining whether a stressor is something one can handle. They produce a state of feeling overwhelmed. Define social support, and four kinds of social support that groups seem to offer. A. _ perceive that they are at a lower risk for negative events than an average person. _____ refers to a behavior where someone pretends to have the physical symptoms of illness in order to gain something he or she wants. People with _____ personality disorder are more likely to stare at other people without initiating any social interaction. Roger loves to be the center of attention. refers to our immediate evaluation of a situation. When people express their feelings to their romantic partners, they are: Research suggests that disclosing traumatic events: increases physiological arousal during disclosure. Moreover, Lazarus specified two major types of appraisal methods which sit at the crux of the appraisal method: 1) primary appraisal, directed at the establishment of the significance or meaning of the event to the organism, and 2) secondary appraisal, directed at the assessment of the ability of the organism to cope with the consequences of the event. Socially, histrionic individuals are difficult to get along with, due to their excessive need for: In the context of the erratic cluster of personality disorders, which of the following disorders is characterized by a strong need to be admired, a strong sense of self-importance, and a lack of insight into other people's feelings? Which of the following terms refers to the process of evaluating an employee's current and/or past performance relative to his or her performance standards? Elika refuses to present a topic in psychology in front of her class. In the process of the general adaptation syndrome, the _____ phase involves the body's attempt to adapt to its high state of arousal as it tries to cope with the stressor. Which of the following is a key characteristic of antisocial personality disorder? The primary economic principle underlying the cost approach is the principle of: ... Equity refers to the amount of … Ron most likely has _____ personality disorder. A) Threat B) Primary C) Challenge D) Secondary 50._____ appraisal refers to the process by which people decide whether they can handle a stressful event. Correct! Roger most likely has _____ personality disorder. He feels that other people are looking at him and hears murmurs that sound like his name. Search. Within primary appraisal, three components are distinguished: goal relevance describes the extent to which an encounter refers to issues about which the person cares. Primary data is gathered to answer specific questions that are not necessarily the same ones being addressed in an appraisal or market analysis. Also explore over 9 similar quizzes in this category. For example, being snowed into your house could be appraised as good (if there is a snow-day and … an independent variable has been effectively manipulated, a thermometer always reads 98.6 degrees F no matter the temperature of the water it is dipped into. secondary appraisal: Definition. B. helping people build up reserves of energy. B. death from overwork. Which of the following is a key characteristic of schizoid people? He usually seeks attention by being overly dramatic and changes his opinions suddenly. Gerta suspects that her husband is unfaithful, even though there is no objective evidence of infidelity. Primary appraisal concerns whether something of relevance to the individual's well being occurs,whereas secondary appraisal concerns coping options. exhaustion. involves deciding how to deal with a potentially stressful situation. Antisocial personality disorder is associated with: is an enduring pattern of experience and behavior that differs greatly from the expectations of an individual's culture. She does not believe his accounts of how he spent his time or his claims of faithfulness. Which term refers to observable characteristics that are associated with successful job performance? Ron is 11 years old and enjoys torturing snakes. Which type of psychologist is Karen? Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may develop in persons who have _____ life-threatening events. process by which individuals evaluate and cope with a stressful event State of powerful absorption in someone. B. The University of Twente explains that a person may judge that an … Secondary Appraisal. Ac. Which of the following statements best describes the narcissistic paradox? He disobeys his parents and usually engages in acts of stealing and destroying property. Linda most likely has _____ personality disorder. primary appraisal: Definition. A. In the context of the lethal component of the Type A behavior pattern, people in hostility are _____. Passionate Love. This is a timed quiz. and now treats psychological disorders. Try this amazing Basic Appraisal Test quiz which has been attempted 4458 times by avid quiz takers. Her refusal to present the topic is most likely a sign of _____ personality disorder. Which of the following is an example of a primary appraisal of a stressor? People with _____ personality disorder are extremely distrustful of others and see others as constant threats. According to psychologist Richard Lazarus (1991), primary appraisal best refers to a cognitive event in which a person Positive emotions are thought to help with stress by: A. broadening the scope of attention. is a common manifestation of paranoid personality disorder. According to Hans Selye, people are most susceptible to illness in the _____ stage of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) model. A pervasive feeling of inadequacy and sensitivity to criticism from others is a salient feature of _____. When a person perceives that an event is a threat to his goals, he engages in: According to psychologist Richard Lazarus, which of the following must occur for stress to be evoked for a person? D. The root of stress is the cognitive appraisal of an event as stressful or stress-inducing. Harm/Loss Appraisal Although narcissists have high self-esteem, their grandiose self-esteem is actually quite fragile. Economic Appraisal - see Economic evaluation. Which of the following is a key characteristic of people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder? A. Magda Arnold was the first theorist to offer an exploration of the meaning of appraisal, and to present an outline of what the appraisal process might be and how it relates to emotion (Roseman & Smith, 2001). Start studying Appraisal terms. People with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder are likely to: They show devotion to work at the expense of leisure and friendships. Goal congruence Ans: D 5. Correct Answer: B) communicate information about an employee's performance. Free Tests & Quizzes Online. In the context of the stages of the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) as proposed by Hans Selye, which of the following is a characteristic of the resistance stage? Ian Nolan/Cultura/Getty Images. According to a dimensional model of personality disorders, _____ results in avoidant personality disorder. 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