She became a qualified flight specialist in 1998. [43], On May 12, 2017, Whitson performed her ninth career EVA with Jack Fischer. [11], In 2017, Whitson became the first female astronaut to command the International Space Station twice. Whitson retired from NASA in 2018. Corrections? [3][20] Her parents were farmers and her decision to become an astronaut came after she watched the first moon landing on television as a child in 1969. In 1997, Whitson began a position as adjunct assistant professor at Rice University in the Maybee Laboratory for Biochemical and Genetic Engineering. The duration was 2 hours and 46 minutes, making Whitson's cumulative EVA time more than 60 hours, placing her third on the list for most EVA time. Whitson received a B.S. Peggy Whitson ankom atter til Den Internationale Rumstation (ISS) den 19. november 2016, under Ekspedition 50/51, der blev opsendt den 17. november 2016, fra Bajkonur-kosmodromen i Kasakhstan. Her second mission launched October 10, 2007, as the first female commander of the ISS with Expedition 16. Britannica now has a site just for parents! With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. Doctorate in Biochemistry, NASA astronaut, 1st female Space Station Commander. Although she had been working with NASA since 1989 in various biochemistry-related positions, her first space mission was in 2002 as a member of Expedition 5 onboard the International Space Station. Biography – Peggy A. Whitson, Ph.D. Dr. Peggy Whitson is a former NASA astronaut and is currently a space and science consultant and adjunct assistant professor at Rice University. Whitson traveled into space for a second time on October 10, 2007—aboard Soyuz TMA-11 with Yury Malenchenko of Russia and Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor of Malaysia—as the commander of the Expedition 16 mission. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. After earning her bachelor of science degree in biology and chemistry from Iowan Wesleyan College in 1981, she went on to … After completing two years of training, she worked in various technical positions at the Operations Planning branch of NASA’s Astronaut Office. She earned a Ph.D. in biochemistry. Sally Ride. [16] She is ranked eighth on the list of total time spent in space. Peggy Whitson was born on the 9th of February 1960 in Mount Ayr, Iowa, U.S. She is the daughter of Keith Whitson and Beth Whitson. Peggy Whitson - Biography. Biography. The veteran astronaut has an incredible list of record-breaking accomplishments to her name: first woman to command the International Space Station twice (2008 and 2013); first nonmilitary Chief Astronaut and most space walks (10) of any female astronaut, the most spacewalks completed by a woman and third most of any spacefarer at 665 days. Website. Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. Whitson graduated from Iowa Wesleyan College in 1981, with a bachelor’s degree in Biology and Chemistry. Upon completing the two years of training and evaluation, she was assigned technical duties in the Astronaut Office Operations Planning Branch, and served as the lead for the Crew Test Support Team in Russia from 1998 to 1999. [26][27][28] Along with her Expedition 16 crew member Yuri Malenchenko and spaceflight participant Yi So-yeon, she returned to Earth in Soyuz TMA-11 on April 19, 2008. Peggy Whitson is a NASA Astronaut and Biochemist. Astronaut. After nearly 185 days in space, she returned to Earth aboard STS-113, landing on December 7. On Expedition 16, she became the first female commander of the International Space Station. Peggy Whitson Biography. This total was more time in space than any other woman worldwide and any other American. [23] From November 2003 to March 2005, she served as deputy chief of the Astronaut Office. In January 2017, Whitson performed her seventh EVA. Get to know Peggy Whitson. Dr. Peggy Whitson is a NASA astronaut and biochemist. In June 2002 Peggy Whitsonn was on the space shuttle Endeavour, Expedition 5 as a flight engineer and spent 184 days in space. NASA Astronaut Peggy Whitson. [34] She became the commander of Expedition 51. Whitson’s third flight to the ISS was aboard Soyuz MS-03, which launched on November 17, 2016, with Russian cosmonaut Oleg Novitsky and French astronaut Thomas Pesquet. In 1992, she was named the project scientist of the Shuttle-Mir Program (STS-60, STS-63, STS-71, Mir 18, Mir 19), and served in this capacity until the conclusion of the Phase 1A Program in 1995. [10] Whitson's cumulative EVA time is 60 hours, 21 minutes, which places her in 4th place for total EVA time. In 1986 she moved to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston as a research associate and later worked as the supervisor for the Biochemistry Research Group at KRUG International, a NASA medical sciences contractor at the JSC. Peggy Annette Whitson is an American biochemist and astronaut who holds the record for most total days spent in space by any NASA astronaut. In 2017, she broke the record for the longest single space flight by a woman. She was designated as the first NASA ISS science officer and also performed a space walk to install shielding on a service module and to deploy a science payload. She was born on February 09, 1960 (60 years old) as Peggy Annette. Peggy Annette Whitson (s. 9. helmikuuta 1960) on yhdysvaltalainen avaruuslentäjä ja biokemisti. Peggy A. Whitson, enginyera de vol de l'Expedició 5 vestida amb un equip rus preparada per una activitat extra-vehicular (EVA). Whitson returned to earth on September 3, 2017, after she accrued a total of 665 days in space over the course of her career. She is a biochemist by training; but today, she has made a name for herself as a NASA Astronaut. Omissions? With a total of 665 days in space, Whitson holds the U.S. record, placing eighth on the all-time space endurance list. She then went on to earn her doctorate degree in biochemistry from Rice University in 1986,[22] and following completion of her graduate work, continued at Rice as a Robert A Welch Post-doctoral Fellow until October 1986. Whitson had a long and varied career at NASA before her selection as an astronaut candidate. [35][36] With the launch of Expedition 50/51 with her on it, Whitson, at age 56, became the oldest woman to fly into space. What makes a planet a dwarf planet? Peggy A. Whitson (Ph.D.) flew on Expedition 50/51 and participated in four spacewalks, bringing her career total to ten. The re-entry was remarkable for the failure of the Soyuz propulsion module to separate properly, and the subsequent "ballistic reentry" which subjected the crew to forces about eight times that of Earth surface gravity. [31][32] At the completion of Whitson's fifth EVA, the 100th in support of ISS assembly and maintenance, Whitson's cumulative EVA time became 32 hours, and 36 minutes, which placed her in 20th place for total EVA time. Whitson was named the first NASA science officer during her stay, and she conducted 21 investigations in human life sciences and microgravity sciences, as well as commercial payloads. She is also the first woman astronaut to command the International Space Station twice. At age 57, she was also the oldest woman to go into space. She is on her third and longest mission to space. Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut. Her second space flight was on Soyu… Hun var øverstbefalende på Ekspedition 51. The flight of Space Shuttle mission STS-120, commanded by astronaut Pam Melroy, was the first time that two female mission commanders have been in orbit at the same time. One Strange Rock. First Name Peggy. On board the ISS, she conducted more than 20 experiments in microgravity and human life sciences and also operated and installed commercial payloads and hardware systems. along with Expedition 50 commander Shane Kimbrough. EXPERIENCE: From 1981 to 1985, Whitson conducted her graduate work in biochemistry at Rice University, Houston, Texas, as a Robert A. Welch Predoctoral Fellow. [3], From 1992 to 1995, she served as project scientist for the Shuttle-Mir Program and, until her selection as an astronaut candidate in 1996, as deputy division chief for the Medical Sciences division at the Johnson Space Center.[3]. On April 24, 2017, Whitson officially broke the record for longest amount of time spent in space by any NASA astronaut. Proud to share my NASA community with you. Peggy Whitson was born on February 9, 1960, in Mount Ayr, in southwestern Iowa. [13][14] The record was broken by Christina Koch, whose single space flight lasted 328 days. Med opsendelsen med Ekspedition 50/51 blev Whitson i en alder af 56 år den ældste kvinde i rummet. [10] After completion of the seventh EVA, Whitson's cumulative EVA time became 46 hours, 18 minutes, which placed her in 13th place for total EVA time. Bio. Peggy Whitson was born in February 1960 in Iowa, USA. [19], Whitson grew up on a farm outside the town of Beaconsfield, Iowa with her sister, Kathy and her parents, Keith and Beth. In April 1996, Whitson was selected as an astronaut candidate and started training in August 1996. [37][38] During the mission, she broke the record for cumulative time spent in space by a U.S. astronaut, surpassing the previous record of 534 days set by Jeff Williams. She also participated in joint efforts between American and Soviet (later Russian) scientists. [1] In June 2020, Whitson was a guest (along with two imposters) on an ABC-TV "To Tell the Truth" episode in which Patti LaBelle correctly selected her as the record-holding time in space astronaut. Learn-At-Home Activities and Experiences. in biology and chemistry from Iowa Wesleyan College in Mount Pleasant, Iowa, in 1981 and a doctorate in biochemistry from Rice University in Houston in 1985. Aquarius Astronaut #5. (2/9/1960) From 1995 to 1996, she served as co-chair of the U.S.-Russian Mission Science Working Group. Astronaut. [44], On May 23, 2017, Whitson performed her tenth career EVA with Fischer. Read Peggy Whitson’s fun and insightful journal entries from her time on the International Space Station in 2007-08. From 1993 through 1996, Whitson held the additional responsibilities of the deputy division chief of the Medical Sciences Division at NASA-JSC. Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, retired NASA astronaut,[3] and former NASA Chief Astronaut. Continue to next page below to see how much is Peggy Whitson really worth, including net worth, estimated earnings, and salary for 2019 and 2020. [2] She is also the oldest female astronaut ever in space, at age 57. They replaced a backup multiplexer-demultiplexer (MDM) unit that had failed on May 20, 2017. 105K likes. She was born on February 9, 1960 in Mount Ayre, IA. On April 24, 2017, Whitson broke the record for cumulative total days spent in space by any NASA astronaut, at more than 534 days. [29] She spent 191 days, 19 hrs and 8 mins in space on this mission.[30]. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Peggy Annette Whitson was born Feb. 9, 1960, in Mount Ayr, Iowa. Cedar Falls astronaut talks about goals of new Moon mission, Mars and more Whitson now holds the record for the oldest female spacewalker, and is now tied with the record for total spacewalks by a woman (seven), along with Sunita Williams. Whitson on ensimmäinen Kansainvälisen avaruusaseman komentajana toiminut nainen ja hän on pisimpään avaruudessa ollut yhdysvaltalainen. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. She is a celebrity astronaut. Peggy Whitson Popularity . During the six-month mission she also performed five space walks to carry out maintenance and assembly tasks. She resigned when she went back on active flight status in July 2012, replaced by Robert Behnken. During the EVA, they installed three new adapter plates and hooked up electrical connectors preparing the way to replace the ISS batteries. Chris Hadfield. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. She was Deputy Chief of NASA Astronaut Office (November 2003 until March 2005). Whitson spent 289 days in orbit before returning aboard Soyuz MS-04. She achieved a first for women, as did astronaut Sally Ride. Peggy Whitson, Actress: Pete Yorn: I Wanna Be the One. What exactly is a quasar? From 1991 through 1992, she was the payload element developer for Bone Cell Research Experiment (E10) aboard SL-J (STS-47), and was a member of the US-USSR Joint Working Group in Space Medicine and Biology. Peggy Whitson is an American astronaut who was born on February 9, 1960. Among other positions, she worked in the Biomedical Operations and Research branch at the JSC from 1989 to 1993 and was the deputy division chief of the Medical Sciences Division at the JSC from 1993 to 1996. The 289 days she spent in space was the longest single spaceflight by any woman. On December 18, 2007, during the fourth spacewalk of Expedition 16 to inspect the S4 starboard Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ), the ground team in Mission Control informed Whitson that she had become the female astronaut with the most cumulative EVA time in NASA history, as well as the most EVAs, with her fifth EVA. Her first space mission was in 2002 with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. Peggy Whitson was chosen as an astronaut candidate in 1996, and her training commenced the same year. The crew of Soyuz TMA-11 had a difficult and dangerous ride back to Earth; the Soyuz’s equipment module failed to separate properly from the reentry module, and so the craft followed an unusually steep descent trajectory. Launch into other worlds while testing your knowledge about space, celestial bodies, and the solar system. [48] The duration of her stay in space during expeditions 50/51/52 was 289 days, 5 hours and 1 minute. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Peggy-Whitson, Peggy Whitson - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Peggy Whitson - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up), National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Peggy Annette Whitson is an American biochemist and astronaut who holds the record for most total days spent in space by any NASA astronaut. Whitson was the first female, and first non-pilot to serve as Chief Astronaut. Astronauts. This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Peggy Annette Whitson (born February 9, 1960) is an American biochemistry researcher, NASA astronaut, and former NASA Chief Astronaut.Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5.Her second mission launched October 10, 2007, as the first female commander of the ISS with Expedition 16. Astronaut Born in Iowa #2. Her first space mission was in 2002, with an extended stay aboard the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 5. The duration was 4 hours and 13 minutes, and it was the 200th EVA to be performed on the ISS. Peggy Whitson Fans Also Viewed . Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... U.S. astronaut Peggy Whitson (right), Expedition 16 commander, greeting astronaut Pam Melroy, STS-120 commander, after the opening of the hatch between the International Space Station and the space shuttle Discovery, Oct. 25, 2007. Then from May 2005 until November 2005, she was Chief of the Station Operations Branch: Astronaut Office. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Peggy Whitson, in full Peggy Annette Whitson, (born February 9, 1960, Mount Ayr, Iowa, U.S.), American biochemist and astronaut, who was the first female commander of the International Space Station (ISS) and who holds the record among American astronauts and among women for spending the most time in space, nearly 666 days. Whitson served as the commander of the NEEMO 5 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory, living and working underwater for fourteen days. Following completion of … After a short delay due to leaking equipment, they replaced an avionics box on the starboard truss called an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier (ELC), a storage platform. Updates? Peggy Whitson is a NASA astronaut. Peggy Whitson was born on February 9, 1960, in Mount Ayr, IA. Flight engineer Peggy Whitson installing new adapter plates and hooking up electrical connections on the International Space Station, 2017. Peggy Whitson is a astronaut from Iowa, United States. She is married to Clarence Sams. In June 2003, Whitson served as the commander of the NEEMO 5 mission aboard the Aquarius underwater laboratory, living and working underwater for fourteen days. La passejada espacial va tenir lloc el 16 d'agost de 2002. Ambitious from a young age, she realized her life’s calling quite early on. As a cost-cutting measure, Russia decided to launch Soyuz MS-04 with only one cosmonaut. She made four space walks on which station components were maintained or replaced. 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